Different Types of Therapy Used in My Counselling Practice
Person-centred therapy (PCT) is also known asperson-centred counselling, person-centred psychotherapy, client-centred therapy and Rogerian psychotherapy. PCT is a type of talk-psychotherapy developed in 1940 – 1950 by the psychologist Carl Rogers. The aim of PCT is to provide individuals with the ability to develop a sense of ‘self’ so they can see how their feelings, attitudes and behaviour are being affected negatively. While this technique was criticised by behaviourists for a lack of structure and by psychoanalysts for creating a conditional relationship, it has proven to be a popular and effective treatment.
Psychodynamic therapy aims to bring the unconscious mind to consciousness – this helps individuals to experience, unravel, and understand true feelings, which may be deep rooted, in order to resolve them.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy that helps individuals to manage problems by changing thought and behavioural patterns. It is often used to treat depression and anxiety but is also used extensively to treat other mental and physical health problems.